What are the signs of a pulmonary embolism

Pulmonary Embolism Symptoms, Treatment & Prevention

What is a pulmonary embolism? Pulmonary embolism defines the sudden blockage of a pulmonary artery inside the lung by an embolus, typically from a blood clot that has an origin somewhere else in the body, such as a deep vein thrombosis of the leg. When it comes to defining signs and pulmonary embolism symptoms, the distinction in terminology is important.

Signs are visible, while symptoms are expressed by what a patient feels. The most common type of embolus traveling to the lungs is caused by a DVT that has become dislodged and travels upward until it reaches the lungs.

A number of causes for blood clots forming in the lower extremities include prolonged bed rest, immobility from long journeys, or an injury, typically caused by fractures damage to surrounding vessels and tissues.

Pulmonary Embolism Symptoms & Signs

There are a variety of common signs that can be observed. Here are some of the most common signs of a pulmonary embolism:

  •  Shortness of breath – this shortness of breath or difficulty breathing typically comes on suddenly. Breathing may be rapid.
  •  Response to anxiety (a symptom) that is viewed by pacing or verbal expressions of worry.
  •  Responses to sudden, sharp pains in the chest, especially during inhalation. This pain is called pleuritic chest pain.
  •  Seizures
  •  Blue-tinged skin is an indication that oxygen deprivation is occurring. Bluish-tinged lips and fingertips are the first indication that the lungs are not oxygenating blood adequately.
  •  Individuals who experience recurring (small) pulmonary emboli may also display swollen ankles or legs, and experience generalized weakness.

There are also several pulmonary embolism symptoms to keep in mind and be aware of. One symptom that is common is complaints of lightheadedness. An individual may also complain about an erratic heart rate.

A pulmonary embolism can also cause a pulmonary infarction or lung tissue death. In such cases, seek emergency help immediately. Pulmonary infarction can trigger bouts of coughing that bring up bloody sputum. This emergency also causes severe and sharp chest pain.

Proper PE Prevention

Surgical procedures, blunt force injury and trauma, obesity, and inactivity all increase the risk of blood clots. A pulmonary embolism occurs when such clots break off and travel to the blood vessels serving the lungs, the heart, or the brain. Each may cause severe damage and even death.

Prevention methodologies include adequate hydration, weight loss if needed, increased mobility (under physician supervision), and careful observance following any surgical procedure, long-term bed rest, or chronic illness. Discuss signs, symptoms, diagnostics, and potential treatments with your physician if you feel at risk for a pulmonary embolism.

Pulmonary Embolism Treatment Methods

Proper treatment for a pulmonary embolism is an essential piece of the puzzle if you have been diagnosed. Pulmonary embolism treatment is designed to prevent new clots from forming and to keep the current blood clot from growing. There are a couple of different methods for treating pulmonary embolisms. One option is medication. These medications include blood thinners and clot dissolvers or thrombolytics which can help dissolve clots quickly.  The form of pulmonary embolism treatment is through surgery. The two methods of surgery used are clot removal, where the doctor will remove the clot with a flexible, thin tube and vein filters.

Related Posts

dog bite blood clots

Blood Clot Formation: A Hidden Danger of Dog Bites

Dog bites, while often considered in terms of immediate physical trauma and infection risk, carry another, less commonly discussed danger: the potential to cause blood clot formation. This post explores the complex relationship between dog bites and blood clots, aiming to raise awareness and understanding of this serious health risk. Understanding How a Dog Bite

Read More »
falling down blood clots

The Link Between Falls and Blood Clots

When we think of the aftermath of a fall, bruises and perhaps a broken bone come to mind. However, there’s another less obvious but potentially dangerous consequence: blood clots. While a fall might seem like an isolated incident, its implications can extend far beyond immediate injuries, potentially leading to the development of blood clots. Understanding

Read More »
hysterectomy blood clots

Understanding Blood Clot Risks After a Hysterectomy

Understanding Blood Clot Risks After a Hysterectomy A hysterectomy, the surgical removal of the uterus, can be a life-changing procedure for many women, offering relief from various medical conditions such as chronic pain, heavy bleeding, or cancer. However, like any major surgery, it comes with its set of post-operative risks, including the development of blood

Read More »
c section blood clot risks

Managing Blood Clot Concerns After Your C Section

**Managing Blood Clot Concerns After Your C Section** Bringing a new life into the world is a momentous event, and for many, a C-section is a vital part of the journey. While it’s a common and generally safe procedure, like any surgery, it comes with its set of complications and risks, including the potential for

Read More »
car accident crash

The Risk of Blood Clots After a Car Accident

Car accidents are traumatic events that can have lasting physical effects, some of which may not be immediately apparent. Among these potential post-accident complications, the risk of developing blood clots is significant yet often overlooked. Blood clots can pose serious health risks, including the potential for life-threatening conditions such as deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and

Read More »
muscle cramp or blood clot

Is It a Blood Clot or Just a Muscle Cramp? Know the Difference

Experiencing leg pain or discomfort can be concerning, especially when trying to determine if it’s a blood clot or just a muscle cramp. Both conditions share similarities in their manifestation but have distinctly different causes and risks associated with them. Understanding these differences is crucial for addressing the issue appropriately and ensuring your health and

Read More »
Scroll to Top